White Cherry Tree Flowers
A planting of flowering cherry trees (Prunus spp.) In spring is a breathtaking and inspiring sight. Masses of white or pink blooms, often aromatic, cap the branches, using pink cultivars more numerous than white ones. Oriental flowering cherries developed in Asia, particularly in Japan, where it’s Japan’s national emblem. Flowering cherries were gathered from Japan in the mid-1800s and early 1900s and are now developed around the planet. Black cherry trees (P. serotina) and bird cherry (P. avium) also have white flowers.
Single-Flowered Oriental Flowering Cherry
“Yoshino” flowering cherries (P. x yedoensis) have large flowers with five petals that could be pink or white. It flowers in April and has a strong almond odor. Japan donated “Yoshino” for planting in Washington, D.C. in 1902. “Tai Haku” (P. serrulatus “Taihaku”) can also be referred to as the fantastic white cherry. It’s the largest flower of all of the flowering cherries. Pale pink buds open to pure white blooms on large spreading trees. Both trees develop in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 8.
Double-Flowered Oriental Flowering Cherry
“Shirofugen” (P. serrulata “Shirofugen”) has blossoms that open pink but fade to white. Flowers appear in May to June and have 20 to 36 petals. Trees grow to 15 or 20 feet tall and as wide, with a spreading, flat-topped form. Trees are hardy to zones 5 through 9. “Shirotae” (P. serrulata “Shirotae”) can also be known as “Mount Fuji” and “Kojima,” meaning snowflake. Pure white blooms open from slightly pink buds on spreading, flat-topped 15- to 25-foot-tall trees. This cherry grows in USDA zones 5 through 8.
Native to North America, black cherry (P. serotina) attains a height of 60 to 90 feet using a broadly oval form. Showy white sole fragrant blossoms in spring create 1/2-inch-long around purple bitter-tasting fruit attractive to birds and other wildlife. Shiny dark green leaves have small teeth along the edges and turn yellow, orange or red in autumn. Its wood is prized for its colour and hardness. This fast-growing tree is hardy in USDA zones 5 through 9.
Though it’s native to Europe, northern Africa and southwestern Asia, bird cherry (P. avium) is naturalized from garden plants to much of western and eastern North America. Cultivated trees develop between 15 and 20 feet tall, however, wild trees may reach 60 feet. White single fragrant flowers are followed by small sweet red to black cherries. The number “Plena” has double pendant white blooms and rounded kind and blooms more than the species. Edible sweet cherries of trade have bird cherry parentage. The most commonly grown cultivar for fruit production is “Bing” (P. avium “Bing”), which includes meaty, firm-textured purple-red flesh covered by red to maroon skin. Bird cherry and its cultivars are hardy in USDA zones 5 through 8.